Resources List


Adilman, Tamara. “A Preliminary Sketch of Chinese Women and Work in British Columbia, 1858-1950.” In British Columbia Reconsidered: Essays on Women, edited by Gillian Laura Creese and Veronica Jane Strong-Boag, Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 1992.

Anderson, Kay J. Vancouver’s Chinatown: Racial Discourse in Canada, 1875-1980. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1991.

Andracki, S. Immigration of Orientals into Canada with Special Reference to Chinese. New York: Arno Press, 1978.

––––––. China Dog and Other Tales from a Chinese Laundry. Toronto: Sister Vision, 1997.

Bates, Judy Fong. The Year of Finding Memory-A Memoir. Toronto: Random House Canada, 2011
Chan, Anthony B. Gold Mountain: the Chinese in the New World. Vancouver: New
Star Books, 1983.

Chan, Arlene. The Chinese in Toronto from 1878: From Outside to Inside the Circle. Toronto: Dundurn Press, October 2011.

––––––. The Spirit of the Dragon: the Story of Jean Lumb, a Proud Chinese Canadian.
Toronto: Umbrella Press 1997.

Chan, Gillian. An Ocean Apart- The Gold Mountain Diary of Chin Mei-ling.
Scholastic Canada, 2004

Chan, Kwok Bun. Smoke and Fire -The Chinese in Montreal. Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 1991

Chang, Iris. The Chinese in America. New York: Viking, 2003.

Chinese Canadian Historical Society of British Columbia. Finding Memories Tracing Routes. Vancouver: Chinese Canadian Historical Society of British Columbia, 2006

Chinese Canadian National Council, Women’s Book Committee. Jin Guo: Voices of Chinese Canadian Women. Toronto: Women’s Press, 1992.

Chong, Denise. The Concubine’s Children: Portrait of a Family Divided. Toronto: Penguin, 1994.

Choy, Wayson. All That Matters: a Novel. Toronto: Doubleday Canada, 2004.

––––––. The Jade Peony: a Novel. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1995.

––––––. Paper Shadow: A Chinatown Childhood. Toronto: Penguin Books, 2000.

Con, Harry et al. From China to Canada: a History of the Chinese Communities in Canada. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1982.

Dawson, John Brian. Moon Cakes in Gold Mountain: From China to the Canadian
Plains. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, 1991.

Dawson, John Brian and Nicholas Ting. The Chinese Experience in Canada: Life Stories from the Last 1800s to Today.

Dyzenhaus, David and Moran, Mayo Edited by. Calling Power To Account
Law, Reparations, and the Chinese Canadian Head Tax Case. University of Toronto Press 2005

Gillian, Marie. Attitudes Toward Chinese Immigrants to British Columbia, 1858-1885. Vancouver: Simon Fraser University, 1976.

Glynn-Ward, H. The Writing on the Wall. Vancouver: Sun Publishing, 1921.

Gunn, Sean, ed. Inalienable Rice: a Chinese and Japanese Canadian Anthology. Intermedia Press, 1979.

Hoe, Ban Seng. Beyond the Golden Mountain: Chinese Cultural Traditions in Canada. Hull, Que.: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1989.

––––––. Enduring Hardship: the Chinese Laundry in Canada. Gatineau, Que.: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 2003.

Huang, Evelyn, with Lawrence Jeffery. Chinese Canadians: Voices From a Community. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1992.

Initiative for Student Teaching and Research in Chinese Canadians Studies and Chinese Canadian Historical Society of British Columbia. Learning Chinese Canada. University of British Columbia, 2009.

Johnson, Graham E. “New Patterns, Old Reactions: Chinese Migration to Canada in the 1980’s.” In Contacts between Cultures, edited by Bernard Hung-Kay Luk, Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992.

Johnson, Elizabeth Lominska. “Cantonese Opera in its Canadian Context: the Contemporary Vitality of an Old Tradition.” Theatre Research in Canada 17, No. 1 (Spring 1996).

Lai, David Chuenyan. “An Analysis of Data on Home Journeys by Chinese Immigrants in Canada, 1892-1915.” Professional Geographer 29, No. 4 (November, 1977).

––––––. Chinatowns: Towns Within Cities in Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1988.

––––––. “The Chinese Cemetery in Victoria.” B.C. Studies 75 (Autumn, 1987).

_______. Home County and Clan Origins of Overseas Chinese in Canada in the Early 1880s.” B.C. Studies 27 (1975).

Leal, Ronald. “Rub-Dub-Dub: a Short History of Home Laundry.” In The Human Side of History, edited by Raymond F. Locke, Los Angeles: Mankin, 1970, 159.

Lee, Bennett and Jim Wong-Chu, eds. Many-mouthed Birds: Contemporary Writing by Chinese Canadians. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1991.

Lee, Sky. Disappearing Moon Cafe. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1990.

Lee, Wai-Man. “Dance No More: Chinese Hand Laundries in Toronto.” Polyphony 6, No. 1 (Spring/Summer, 1984).

––––––. Portraits of a Challenge: an Illustrated History of the Chinese Canadians. Toronto: Council of Chinese Canadians in Ontario, 1984.

Li, Peter S. The Chinese in Canada. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1988.

––––––. The Rise and Fall of Chinese Immigration to Canada: Newcomers from
Hong Kong and Mainland China, 1980-2000. Paper presented at the Conference on Subethnicity in the Chinese Diaspora, September 12-13, 2003, University of Toronto.

Library and Archives Canada, A Chinese Canadian Story: the Yip Sang Family.

––––––. The Early Chinese Canadians, 1858-1947.

Lindsay, Colin. The Chinese Community in Canada, 2001. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2007.

Ma, Ching. Chinese Pioneers. Vancouver: Versatile Press 1979.

Mar, Lisa Rose. Brokering Belonging- Chinese In Canada’s Exclusion Era, 1885-1945
University of Toronto Press 2010

Morton, James W. In the Sea of Sterile Mountains: the Chinese in British Columbia. Vancouver: J.J. Douglas, 1973.

Pan, Lynn, ed. The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Porter, Jessie, ed. New Canadian Voices. Toronto: Wall & Emerson, 1991.

Poy, Vivienne. The Role Played by Chinese-Canadians in WWII. Paper presented at the Association for Asian American Studies Conference, March 29, 2001.

Roy, Patricia. The Triumph of Citizenship: the Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941-67. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2007.

––––––. A White Man’s Province. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1990.
Seto, William and Shyu, Larry N. The Chinese Experience in New Brunswick- A Historical Perspective. The Chinese Cultural Association of New Brunswick, 1986
Stanley, Timothy J. Contesting White Supremacy-School Segregation, Anti-Racism, and the Making of Chinese Canadians. UBC Press, 2011.

Vancouver Public Library. Chinese Canadian Genealogy.

Veterans Affairs Canada. Heroes Remember: Canadian Chinese Veterans.

Virtual Museum of Canada. Collection X.

Wang, Jiwu. “ His Dominion” and the “Yellow Peril” Protestant Missions to Chinese Immigrants in Canada,1859-1967. Canadian Corporation for Studies in Religion and Wilfred Laurier University Press 2006.

Ward, Peter W. White Canada Forever-Popular Attitudes and Public Policy Toward Orientals in British Columbia. McGill-Queens, 1978.

Waters, Dan. “The Chinese Labour Corps in the First World War: Labourers Buried in France.” Royal Asiatic Society Journal 29 (1989).

Wright, Richard Thomas. In A Strange Land: A Pictorial Record of the Chinese in Canada, 1788-1923. Saskatoon: Western Producer Prairie Books, 1988.

Wong, Marjorie. The Dragon and the Maple Leaf: Chinese Canadians in World
War II. London: Pirie Publishing, 1994.
Wong, May Q. A Cowherd in Paradise: From China to Canada. Brindle and Glass Publishing Ltd., 2012.

Wong, Robert. Building an Aeroplane in Vancouver’s Chinatown. Toronto, 198-.

Wong-Chu, Jim. Chinatown Ghosts. [Vancouver]: Pulp Press, 1986.

Woon, Yuen-Fong. The Excluded Wife. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1998.

Wright, Richard Thomas. In a Strange Land: A Pictorial Record of the Chinese in Canada, 1788-1923. Saskatoon: Western Producer Prairie Books, 1988.

Yee, May. “Out of a Silent History: Voices of Chinese-Canadian Women.” Polyphony 9, No. 1 (Fall/Winter, 1987).

Yee, Paul. Blood and Iron: Building the Railway. Toronto: Scholastic Canada, 2010.

––––––. The Bone Collector’s Son. Vancouver: Tradewind Books, 2004.

––––––. Breakaway. Toronto: Groundwood Books, 1994.

––––––. The Curses of Third Uncle. Toronto: Lorimer, 1986.

––––––. Dead Man’s Gold and Other Stories. Toronto: Groundwood Books, 2002.

––––––. Saltwater City: an Illustrated History of the Chinese in Vancouver. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2006.

––––––. Struggle and Hope: the Story of Chinese Canadians. Toronto: Umbrella Press, 1996.

––––––. Tales from Gold Mountain: Stories of the Chinese in the New World. Toronto: Groundwood Books, 1989.

Library Resources

Chinese Canadian Veterans Museum

Library and Archives Canada: Head Tax registry

Library and Archives Canada: Genealogy

Siyi Genealogy


Vancouver Public Library – Chinese Canadian Genealogy

The Wallace B. Chung and Madeline H. Chung Collection

Films and Videos

Beyond The Gardens’ Wall: The Immigrant Workers of Tod Inlet

Beyond Golden Mountain
Gary Morgan, Hans Fousek, Wesley Lowe 1995

From C to C

Canadian Steel, Chinese Grit.

Cedar and Bamboo

Heroes Remember-Chinese Canadian Military Museum Society
A Veteran’s Oral History Project

Island of Shadows-D’Arcy Island Leper Colony:1891-1924
The tragic story of British Columbia’s forgotten leper colony

In The Shadow Of Gold Mountain

Lost Years – A People’s Struggle for Justice

I Am The Canadian Delegate – A Biography of Douglas Jung

The Magical Life of Long Tak Sam

Made in China: the Story of Adopted Chinese Children in Canada.
Lee, Karin L. Moving Images Distribution, 2000.

Moving The Mountain

Redress Remix

The Road Chosen: The Story of Lem Wong
A Scattering of Seeds- The Creation of Canada

Shattered- Karin Lee

Spirit of the Dragon, Gil Gauvreau, Convergence Productions, 2002

Tailor Made

Under The Willow Tree: Pioneer Women in Canada

Unfolding the Butterfly (Secrets & Memories) Wayson Choy

Magazines and Online Culture

Asian Canadian Culture Online Project

Asian Network Magazine

Chinese Canadian 150 Years Project

Chinese Canadian Culture Online Project

New Voices Project

Ricepaper Magazine

Schema Magazine

Asian Heritage Month Festivals

Fredericton: Asian Heritage Month Committee

Montreal: Montreal Asian Heritage Month

Ottawa: Ottawa Asian Heritage Month Society

Toronto: Asian Heritage Month

Winnipeg: Asian Heritage Manitoba

Edmonton: Edmonton Asian Heritage Month

Calgary: imaginAsian

Vancouver: explorAsian

Community Advocates

Jean Lumb

Charlie Quan

Won Alexander Cumyow

Wong Foon Sien

Gim Wong

Yip Sang

Redress Documents

Margaret Mitchell’s letter to PM Trudeau September 1983

Prime Minister Harper offers full apology June 22, 2006

Liberal Government Agreement-in-Principle November 2005

Committee Report on Bill C-333 October 2005

1984 Progressive Conservative Party Redress Letter


City of Toronto
Proclamation by Mayor David Miller
Chinese Canadian Head Tax Redress Day
June 22, 2008

WHEREAS Chinese labour was used to build the Canadian Pacific Railway to fulfill the National Dream and unite the country from west to east, with Chinese workers earning 75 cents per day which was half of what other workers were paid.

In 1885, after the Last Spike was driven, the Canadian government imposed a $50.00 head tax in an effort to restrict Chinese immigration, a tax which by 1903, was raised to $500.00, a sum worth two years of wages at the time.

On July 1, 1923, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed to stop Chinese immigration. For the next 24 years, this racist and hurtful legislation separated families until it was finally repealed in May 1947, and Chinese Canadians regained the right to vote.

On June 22, 2006 the Canadian Government offered a Parliamentary apology for the injustice and racial discrimination and recognized the suffering of individual Chinese Canadians, their families and the entire Chinese Canadian community.

NOW THEREFORE, I, Mayor David Miller, on behalf of Toronto City Council, do hereby proclaim June 22, 2008 as “Chinese Canadian Head Tax Redress Day”, to celebrate this historic achievement and recognize the tremendous contribution of the Chinese Canadian community to the City of Toronto.

Mayor David Miller

Government of Ontario
Statement by Ontario Citizenship and Immigration Minister Michael Chan. June 2008
June 22, 2008
Ontario Marks Second Anniversary Of Chinese-Canadian Head Tax Redress
Statement by Ontario Citizenship and Immigration Minister Michael Chan

Today is Chinese-Canadian Head Tax Redress Day – an annual observance established by a unanimous resolution of the Ontario legislature.

This year, we mark the second anniversary of the federal government’s apology, on behalf of all Canadians, for one of the darkest chapters in our nation’s history – the head tax and the later exclusion of Chinese immigrants.

This is a day to acknowledge these historic wrongs and learn from the past. But it is also a day to celebrate the present and look to the future.

Despite adversity, and despite discriminatory immigration policies, Chinese Canadians persevered. They built a strong community and they helped build the prosperous and inclusive country we know today.

Now we live in a different time and we recognize that diversity is our greatest strength.

On this June 22, let us pause to reflect on the work still to be done to welcome today’s generation of immigrants and help them succeed.

Let us resolve to keep Ontario a place of opportunity for newcomers from around the world.

Other Resources

CBC: Chinese Immigration

Arlene Chan Bibliography:

Chinese Canadian Historical Photo Exhibition

Chinese Canadian Historical Society of B.C.

Chinese Canadian History in Alberta

Chinese Canadian Women 1923-1967 Multicultural History Society of Ontario

Chinese Head Tax and the Chinese Exclusion Act in Canada

Chinese Laundry Kids- CBC – IDEAS

Comme Les Chinois


Generasian: Passages of Changes:

Government of Canada – Asian Heritage Month



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